What is Green Kratom?
Green Kratom is named thus due to the characteristic green-hued veining throughout the leaf of the Southeast Asian grown evergreen, otherwise known as Mitragyna speciosa. This tropical tree with vibrant green-ridged leaves, yield many physiological effects and the potential for some health benefits upon consuming, and are in fact part of the same family of plants as coffee: Rubiaceae. This plant has traditionally been picked and chewed fresh predominately by male laborers to increase energy needed for their arduous tasks. However, in our modern-day commercialized society, the kratom is cultivated in bulk, dried, and pulverized into powder and can be made into an oil emulsification as a concentrated tincture, or the powder put into caplets. It can also be consumed as a tea and may have honey or other sweeteners added to offset the bitter taste.
What does Kratom contain?
Kratom contains over 25 different alkaloids that have been isolated by laboratory scientists. Some of the more predominant ones include mitragynine (60% of the alkaloid content), 7-hydroxymitragynine, paynantheine and numerous others. In terms of green kratom, a recent study using chromatography to quantify and differentiate between the alkaloids of several kratom varieties, showed that Green Malay had the most alkaloids weight for weight than other red and white varieties, and contained more mitragynine. Anecdotally speaking however, reports suggest that the green variety have a more balanced effect than the red or white variety. There is also suggestion that not only the variety but also the geographical place where it was grown can slightly affect alkaloid concentration and resulting symptoms.
Effects and Use
Kratom effects are a dose-dependent phenomenon which makes kratom rather unique to other plants with drug-like or pharmaceutical potential. At lower doses of 1-5g, stimulant effects predominate, and people report to have symptoms of enhanced alertness, lowered fatigue, sociability, lowered social inhibition and anxiety and mood-enhancing effects in general. These are thought to be due to the capacity to block the actions of adrenergic and serotoninergic receptors. These effects are also variable due to individualized and subjective responses from different consumers.
At higher doses (5-15g), the effects of alkaloids like mitragynine and 7-hydroxymetragynine act as agonists to the mu opioid receptors in the supraspinal (above the spine) region. In short, this stimulation helps to relieve chronic pain as it has analgesic/antinocioceptive effects and promotes sedation and sleep as these opioid-like effects start to predominate.
Who should use green kratom?
The demographic or selection of consumers to purchase and ingest green kratom really depends on experience and desired effect. The green variety is said to be more energizing though less so than the white variety, and capable of the calming analgesic effects but less so than the powerful red variety. In other words, moderate amounts of green kratom will not likely provide one with an over stimulatory, nor a powerfully sedating effect. This is just perfect to help one mingle with greater ease in social situations.
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